~Indian Summer~

saint martin's summer by john everett millais    

In former times in Europe, 'Indian summer' was called 'Saint Martin's Summer', referring to St. Martin's day, November 11, when it was supposed to end. In British English "St. Martin's Summer" was the most widely used term until the American phrase Indian Summer became better known in the 20th century. In Portugal it is called "Verão de São Martinho,"  which refers to St. Martin's summer.  It is celebrated in rural areas with Magostos (Magusto in Portuguese, from Magnus Ustus, Big Fire in reference to the magical nature of fire), a celebration of Celtic origins in which bonfires, roasted chestnuts and wine have an important role. An alternative to St Martin's summer was "Saint Luke's summer", as the saint's feast day is October 18. Another alternative was "All-hallown summer", as Halloween is October 31; the expression is used in Shakespeare's King Henry IV, Part 1, Act 1 Scene 2.
(taken from Wikipedia)
  The American Meteorological Society's Glossary of Weather and Climate defines Indian summer as:   "A time interval, in mid- or late autumn, of unseasonably warm weather, generally with clear skies, sunny but hazy days, and cool nights. In New England, at least one killing frost and preferably a substantial period of normally cool weather must precede this warm spell in order for it to be considered a true "Indian summer." It does not occur very year; and in some years two or three Indian summers may occur."
Whatever you prefer to call it, yesterday was glorious. We were looking after our Granddog Sylvia and she walked our legs off at  the park at the South end of our small city and form part of a trail that follows the shore of Lake Ontario.


  1. It looks so lovely Sheila - dreamlike almost!

  2. I always love Indian Summer. You captured it perfectly with your photographs. This is a wonderful time of year....so colorful and so full of expectations.

  3. Thanks for the info on Indian Summer. We had a lousy October but got our Indian Summer in November.


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